Statistics reveal that over 30 million people in the US are affected by migraines. Women tend to be affected more than men and often the condition manifests in early adulthood. No one really understands what causes the condition, although some triggers have been identified. The line of thought is that it occurs when there is a complex surge of abnormal events in the brain that originate from the largest cranial nerve known as the trigeminal nerve. Any change within the cranial nerve quickly transfers to a network of smaller nerves that form a grid all through the delicate outside lining of brain called the dura mater.
During a migraine, the pain-sensitive nerves around the dura mater experience a molecular change that makes them highly sensitive to pressure. The result is a throbbing pain and natural increase and decrease of the blood pressure with each heartbeat. The arteries also dilate, which interferes with blood flow which triggers production of pain causing chemicals. Brain messaging chemicals, dopamine and serotonin are all thought to play a role in the development of a migraine.
Other theories exist to try explain the cause of the migraine, but nothing definite has been proven. The only success so far has been to determine that genetic and environmental factors influence a person’s risk to developing a migraine. If you constantly experience a severe headache in the form of throbbing pain on one side of the head, you need to see a doctor in Muskogee, OK, for a diagnosis
The treatment used for migraines will depend with the symptoms. There are several types of migraines, and each has different triggers and symptoms. For some, it can occur several times in a week while others have it occasionally. Some migraine treatments to try include:
At Dental Care of Muskogee, we botulinum toxin treatment to help with migraine symptoms. It is a form of Botox treatment in which botulinum solution is injected in several spots around the head to the effects of a migraine. The treatment is best for people with chromic migraine who will be receiving 31 Botox injections around the head and neck every 12 weeks. It takes 10 to 15 minutes to complete a session and your symptoms should improve within two weeks.
This includes both over the counter and prescribed pain killers. It is important to consult your doctor on the kind of medication to use since prolonged use of some painkillers could lead to other complications such as headaches, ulcers or bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
A special device is used to administer electrical stimulation to the vagus nerve. This has proven to be effective for both migraines and cluster headaches. Currently there are four devices used to deliver nVNS therapy and they are all self-administered. They include Cefaly, gammaCore, STMS and Nerivio.
This involves a quick procedure to numb the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) nerves, that are inside and behind the nose. Since the SPG is connected to the trigeminal nerve that is believed to contribute to the effects of migraine, you should find relief. A thin plastic tube known as a catheter is inserted into the nose, one nostril at a go. A syringe is then attached on the other end of the catheter to deliver the anesthetic that will numb the SPG and surrounding area. The relief last a while even after the numbness wears off.
These drugs emulate the chemical brain serotonin, which tones down overactive pain experienced by the brain nerves. There are different types of triptan medications and your doctor will determine which is suitable for you based on your case. They are most effective when taken immediately after your migraine starts, while the pain is still dull.
Natural therapies can also help in the treatment of migraines. Some common non-drug options you can try include acupuncture, physical therapy, stress management and cognitive behavior feedback. To identify the best kind of natural therapy to take, first try to understand what triggers your migraines. You can still combine natural remedies with medical treatments.